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Sprains and Strains

What is a sprain?
Sprain is an injury to the ligament (tissue that connects one bone to another bone) where the ligament is stretched beyond its physiological limits. Sometimes it also damages the joint capsule. Sprains occur when a joint is forced beyond its normal range of motion, such as twisting or rolling of your ankle.

Signs and Symptoms of Sprains:

  • Pain
  • Inflammation
  • Stiffness
  • Instability
  • Loss of Motion

What is a strain?
Strain is an injury caused to the muscle or a tendon when they are stretched beyond its physiological limits and followed by suddenly contraction. Strain is very common in runners (hamstrings strain) also in a person who does heavy lifting etc.

Signs and Symptoms of Strains:

  • Pain
  • Muscle spasm
  • Loss of strength
  • Limitation in range of motion
  • Muscle weakness
  • Swelling

Severity of sprains and strains:
It can be classified based on grading’s

Grade I (mild) sprain or strain involves some stretching or minor tearing of a ligament or muscle.
Grade II (moderate) sprain or strain is a ligament or muscle that is partially torn but still intact.
Grade III (severe) sprain or strain means that the ligament or muscle is completely torn, resulting in joint instability.